A new technology to convert waste to energy might help India deal with its mounting garbage woes

Indian cities are expanding with the increase in population and economic activities. Identification of landfill site in such cities has become a challenging issue for the municipalities. Non-existence of proper land use plan of Urban Authorities has aggravated the situation further leading to failure in solid waste management.

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has allowed the Okhla waste-to-energy plant to function while imposing an environmental compensation of Rs. 25 lakh on it for causing pollution.

The Petitioners Resident Welfare Association of Sukhdev Vihar, Jasola Vihar, and Ishwar Nagar had approached the High Court of Delhi by filing Public Interest Litigation under Article 226 of the Constitution of India praying that the construction of the proposed Waste to Energy plant close to Okhla STP should be stopped.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Dr. Irfan Ahmad & Ors. Vs. Mr. Nawang Rigzin Jora & Ors. dated 24/01/2017 regarding sanitary landfill site at Srinagar.

NGT direct the Jammu & Kashmir Government that within one week it will bring complete and comprehensive action plan to ensure handing of municipal solid waste in accordance with Solid Waste Management Rules 2016. The State is entitled to have its opinion with regard to stakeholders who would establish Waste to Energy or Waste to Bio-methane and RDF to Power Plants.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Almitra H. Patel & Others Vs. Union of India & Others dated 10/01/2017 regarding generation and management of municipal solid wastes in India.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Elephant Energy Private Limited Vs. V.K. Jain & Others dated 11/01/2017 regarding waste to energy plant at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Sukhdev Vihar Residents Welfare Association & Ors. Vs. State of NCT of Delhi & Ors. dated 23/12/2016. According to the Counsel appearing for the South Delhi Municipal Corporation they are entitled to 6.14% on revenue sharing basis for power generation (waste to energy plant) from the date of plant commissioned for power generation. However, according to the Project Proponent they are liable to pay 3% of the revenue sharing for power generation eight years from the date of commencement.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Almitra H. Patel & Others VsMinistry of Health and Family Welfare & Others dated 22/12/2016 regarding steps to improve the practices presently adopted for collection, storage, transportation, disposal, treatment and recycling of Municipal Solid Waste popularly known as “garbage” generated in various cities across India.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Waste Management, 14/12/2016. As per the assessment made by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) for 2015, the sewage generation in the urban areas of the Country is estimated to be about 61,948 MLD (approx.) and sewage treatment capacity is for 23,277 MLD, which is about 37.6% of the total sewage generation. Further, as per the data available till Oct. 2016, the total amount of solid waste generated in the urban areas of the Country is about 1,58,878 MT/D, of which only 21.45% is being treated, currently.

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