GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996-2012

This study presents the findings of research into the global socio-economic and environmental impact of genetically modified (GM) crops in the seventeen years since they were first commercially planted on a significant area. It focuses on the farm level economic effects, the production effects, the environmental impact resulting from changes in the use of insecticides and herbicides, and the contribution towards reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.