National investment in urban transport: towards people’s cities through land use and transport integration

Between 2005 and 2012, India’s Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) has invested US$20billion in urban infrastructure (including transport) and basic services to the urban poor. JnNURM is a very important advance, as it helps the cities with policies and funding for moving people, not vehicles. Nevertheless, it has not sufficiently shifted investment in the urban transport sector from road widening and road expansion to sustainable transport. This document includes an assessment of and suggestions for national investment policies in urban transport.