This paper explores the relationships between climate policy and renewable energy policy instruments. It shows that, even where CO2 emissions are duly priced, specific incentives for supporting the early deployment of renewable energy technologies are justified by the steep learning curves of nascent technologies.

Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies are increasingly recognised for their capacity to provide a large contribution to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in the coming decades. This paper assesses the policy questions as highlighted in the relevant COP/MOP 2 decision, particularly leaks and permanence for geological storage, project boundaries and liability issues, and leakage, as well as a few others raised by some parties.

This paper provides the latest developments of announced, proposed and existing greenhouse gas emissions trading schemes (ETS) around the world since 2006. It also examines different potential design options for ETS (e.g. coverage, allocation mode, provision for offsets), and how these options are treated in the existing, announced or proposed schemes.