A reason COVID-19 has had such far-reaching impacts is it stems from multiple interconnected risks. The difficulties that policymakers face in managing related risks not only deepen vulnerabilities to COVID-19 but other planetary crises.

India’s fossil fuel dominated energy mix poses various challenges to the country.

This paper argues that India’s actions towards climate change mitigation and the domestic monitoring and evaluation mechanisms are fast evolving as key parts of the country’s climate policy in order to address the growing concerns on climate change.