Vegetation of lantana-invaded forest plots in the Achanakmar

The article on

Disposal of untreated wastes into land and water bodies from tanneries results in air and water pollution as well as emission

The years 1965 and 1966 will be remembered in Indian history as two successive years in which the failure of the south-west monsoon had a disastrous effect on Indian economy. This article is an attempt to find out the basic causes of this large-scale deficiency in the monsoon rainfall.

The S.W. monsoon or summer monsoon is a major event in the agricultural life of India, which has been widely studied. The chief characteristic of the pressure distribution over India during the monsoon is the trough of low which extends from the the S.E. Punjab to the head of the Bay and the concomitant high pressure belt in the Indian Ocean.

The outstanding feature of Indian weather in the second half of April and the first week of May of the year was the extremely high temperatures over a large part of Northern India.

Earlier researches have shown that forecasts of crop acreage and yields can be made on the basis of weather factors. Where adequate data exist such forecasts may be more accurate than those arrived at by the subjective methods used in the official forecasts of most countries.

Original Source

On Monday the 15th January 1934 Calcutta experienced an earthquake shock of fair intensity which lasted for over three minutes. News from the country was available only next morning, showing that Patna, Monghyr and Jamalpur had suffered severely. News from the most affected region arrived only two or three days later. It was then learnt that the area enclosed by the Ganges, the Gandak and the Kosi, in which lie the districts of Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga and Bhagalpur had suffered most severely.