A method for the determination of 200 pesticides and pesticide metabolites in honeybee samples has been developed and validated. Almost 98% of compounds included in this method are approved to use within European Union, as active substances of plant protection products or veterinary medicinal products used by beekeepers to control mites Varroa destructor in hives. Many significant metabolites, like metabolites of imidacloprid, thiacloprid, fipronil, methiocarb and amitraz, are also possible to detect.

A multi-screening approach for monitoring potential chemical contaminants in honey by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) has been developed.

A solid-phase extraction (SPE) and liquid chromatographic (LC) method was developed for the determination of selected fluoroquinolone (FQ) drugs including ofloxacin, norfloxacin, and ciprofloxacin in municipal wastewater samples. Extraction of the FQs was carried out with a weak cation exchanger SPE cartridge, the Oasis WCX.

Two liquid chromatography

A high-performance liquid chromatography

A reliable and sensitive procedure is presented for the analysis of streptomycin (STP) in food of animal origin, like meat, milk and honey. The method is based on a separation by ion-pair liquid chromatography with ?-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonate (NQS) postderivatization and fluorescence detection.

The following macrolide antibiotics have been covered in this review: erythromycin and its related substances, azithromycin, clarithromycin, dirithromycin, roxithromycin, flurithromycin, josamycin, rokitamycin, kitasamycin, mycinamycin, mirosamycin, oleandomycin, rosaramicin, spiramycin and tylosin.

This paper reviews recent developments in the liquid chromatographic (LC) methods of analysis for the residues of antibiotics (aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, macrolides, ?-lactams, etc.) in food products of animal origin.