This book explores the implications of urbanization in South Asia for water (in-) security in the peri-urban spaces of Dhaka and Khulna in Bangladesh, Bengaluru, Gurugram, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Pune in India, and Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

Central Ground Water Board, North Western Region, Chandigarh has established Ground Water Observation Wells (GWOW) in Haryana State for monitoring the water levels.

To understand the groundwater situations in diverse hydrogeological environments, changes in various facets of ground water, like variation in water level and water quality are to be monitored. A regular monitoring of ground water regime through a network of observation wells i.e.

Ground Water Year Book is based on the information generated through field studies. The data has been analyzed by Officers of Central Ground Water Board, State Unit Office, Delhi and presented in the report.

Monitoring of ground water levels from 729 Hydrograph Network Stations (HNS) were carried out in the year 2019-2020 with an objective to assess ground water regime of phreatic aquifer. The water level monitoring was carried out in the months of May’19, August’19, November’19, and January’20.

Ground water being a limited resource requires proper management and judicious use of its storage for meeting out demand on long term basis without putting any adverse impact on its regime.

Most of the area in Himachal Pradesh is hilly, mountainous with few intermontane valley in between them. The traditional ground water structures, which are under observation at present, are open wells mostly located in the valley area.

Ground water is a dynamic and replenishable resource and monitoring spatial and temporal changes of this resource is essential for sustainable development and management. The water level data is of paramount importance in development and management of water resources in the country.

Ground Water Year Book is prepared annually by CGWB depicting changes in ground water regime of the country through different seasons. It is an effort to obtain information on ground water levels through representative monitoring wells. The important attributes of ground water regime monitoring are ground water level.

Amid hue and cry over open borewells in the state after the death of two-year-old Fatehveer at Bhagwanpura village of Sangrur, a piece of advice has come from the state’s water and sanitation depar

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