Abrupt shifts in natural resources and their markets are a ubiquitous challenge to human communities. Building resilient social-ecological systems requires approaches that are robust to uncertainty and to regime shifts. Harvesting diverse portfolios of natural resources and adapting portfolios in response to change could stabilize economies reliant on natural resources and their markets, both of which are prone to unpredictable shifts.

This paper briefly introduces the different socio-economic and environmental conditions in Germany and India and summarizes the very accordingly unlike approaches to

This document presents a rapid drought impact assessment that was carried out by UNICEF’s India Country Office in eight states with the aim of providing insights into drought management practices and their effectiveness. It identifies UNICEF’s role in supporting efforts to achieve long-term climate and disaster resilience.

Evapotranspiration (ET) is a key process of the climate system because it links water, energy and carbon cycles. In this study we modified a Penman–Monteith based algorithm to estimate ET on the Tibetan Plateau at a 1 km spatial resolution for the period 2000–2010 using meteorological and satellite remote sensing data.

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Revenues derived from carbon have been seen as an important tool for supporting forest conservation over the past decade. At the same time, there is high uncertainty about how much revenue can reasonably be expected from land use emissions reductions initiatives. Despite this uncertainty, REDDþ projects and conservation initiatives that aim to take advantage of available or, more commonly, future funding from carbon markets have proliferated.