The progress towards eradication of poliovirus globally is one of the greatest success stories of the global health community. When the Global Polio Eradication Initiative started in 1988, polio paralysed more than 1000 children worldwide every day.

Limited supply and unequal vaccine distribution means that lower-income countries consistently struggle to access essential inoculations in demand by wealthier countries, according to this latest report, by the World Health Organization (WHO).

A parliamentary committee has recommended the Union Health Ministry "audit deaths due to oxygen shortage", especially during the Covid second wave, in coordination with states to enable robust documentation of the mortalities. The committee said it was "disturbed" by the ministry's "unfortunate denial" of COVID-19 deaths due to oxygen shortage.

The Kerala High Court directed the central government and the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) to hasten the process of formulating guidelines for disbursement of compensation to the families of people who died due to the adverse effects of COVID-19 vaccination in the country.

Counsel representing the government of India submitted that a detailed statement, containing the steps so far taken for formulating the guidelines and the time limit within which the guidelines will be implemented, will be placed on record within two weeks.

The Covid-19 pandemic proved to be a global disaster that took countless lives, many of whom were frontline functionaries deployed to contain this crisis. As a result, the Indian state, unlike before, had to acknowledge the risk that accompanied their workers in this crisis.

The largest sustained decline in childhood vaccinations in approximately 30 years has been recorded in official data published by WHO and UNICEF.

More vaccines must be developed to tackle antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacterial pathogens, and countries must make better use of the ones currently available, the WHO said in this report. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has pushed millions into poverty in East Africa, and worsened inequality. The economic crisis continues, due to the obscene global vaccine inequality, which means that only 4% of East African citizens had been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, compared with 71% in high-income countries by mid-January2022.

As of November 2021, less than 7% of the African continent has been vaccinated. This gap between acceptance and coverage demonstrates a substantial unmet need and underscores the importance of consistent and predictable vaccine supply as well as increased support for vaccination programs in Africa.

This Report of the Standing Committee on Chemicals and Fertilizers deals with the action taken by the Government on the Observations/Recommendations contained in the Twenty Second Report (Seventeenth Lok Sabha) of the Committee on the subject "Status of COVID-19 vaccine production in India" of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (Departmen

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