Opportunities to enhance non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas mitigation in China

China is making significant progress in the fight against climate change, including a commitment to peak its carbon emissions around 2030. From ramping up its carbon intensity target to limiting coal use to implementing an emissions trading scheme, recent signs show that the country is already beginning to shift toward a more environmentally and economically sustainable model of development. However, little attention has been paid to greenhouse gases in China beyond carbon dioxide (methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride and nitrogen trifluoride). Collectively referred to as “non-CO2 GHG emissions,” they represent nearly one-fifth of China’s total emissions and they, too, must be effectively addressed to meet global climate change goals. Opportunities to Enhance Non-Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in China, finds that many of the key conditions to addressing non-CO2 emissions in China already exist, and some promising efforts are underway. In fact, the research shows the country can reduce its non-CO2 GHG emissions by almost a third by 2030, just by scaling up existing initiatives.