This study analyzes the number, type, and distribution of EV chargers needed to meet Colorado’s 2030 electric vehicle sales goals. It quantifies the public, workplace, and home charger needs for passenger vehicles at the county level and estimates the costs to meet these infrastructure needs.

This analysis finds that cost reductions in new electric vehicles (EVs) will lead to decreased used EV prices and cost parity with used gasoline vehicles for low-income households in the 2025-2030 time period. Higher rates of depreciation for first owners of EVs will lead to larger benefits for lower-income second owners.

This white paper analyzes fundamental ZEV supply questions regarding zero-emission vehicles. It assesses how planned electric vehicle manufacturing compares to government near-term regulations and long-term targets, and how future battery production capacity compares to global demand.

This working paper demonstrates how cities can utilize local data to estimate charging infrastructure needs to plan for the transition to electric mobility.