Energy is needed for economic growth, and access to cheap, reliable energy is an essential development objective. Historically most incremental energy demand has been met through fossil fuels, however in future that energy will have to be low-carbon and ultimately zero-carbon.

China and India have committed to reductions in the emissions intensity of the economy by 40-45% & 20-25% respectively between 2005 and 2020. This analysis looks at how feasible are the proposed reductions in emissions intensity for China and India, and how do they compare with the targeted reductions in the US and the EU.