The strong interaction of the steel industry and the environment is related to the large volumes of matter that are handled by the Steel Industry. The steel plant is a huge logistical hub, where iron is not the major stream in terms of mass. Water, carbon dioxide (CO2) and steam put together outweighs steel by almost a factor of 10 in the output streams of a typical integrated steel plant.

Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve in central India is endowed with rich floristic diversity with numerous ethno-medicinal plants of economic significance. These plants used in traditional indigenous system of treatment for various ailments by the tribal and non-tribal residents of the area, form the backbone of medicines prescribed by local practitioners like Kabirajs, Pahans Vaidrajs etc.