As an agro-food industry, sugar industry contributes to about 12% of the world’s sugar production with annual production capacity of 23 million tonnes. The sugar industry is a major water user and wastewater producer. According to Gunjal and Gunjal14, there are around 530 sugar industries in India having crushing capacity of 1.6 million tonnes per day utilizing 3.2 million m 3 of water, generating 0.6 million m 3 of effluent per day.

Original Source

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Southern Zone, Chennai) in the matter of S. Duraisamy Vs Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board & Others dated 07/12/2017 regarding pollution caused by Srivalli Sago Factory, Vazhapadi Taluk, Selam District, Tamil Nadu. The reply filed by the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board states that when the unit was inspected on 12.09.2017, it was found that the unit was not in operation but the unit has established the ETP in the premises. NGT disposes of the Application with the direction that the unit will not operate the unit without the required consent.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Ashwini Kumar & Others Vs. Central Pollution Control Board dated 04/12/2017 regarding discharge of untreated effluents from industries, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. NGT was critical of the three reports submitted by the Joint Inspection Team saying it lacked "evidencery value and denies scientific reasoning" and cited that in two reports BOD at intlet is more than 5000 mg/l while in one report it is shown as 439 mg/l.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of M/s. N.R. Tanners Vs. Central Pollution Control Board & Others dated 20/07/217 regarding disposal of industrial waste into river Ganga by the leather industries of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Confederation of Delhi Industries & CETP Societies (An Organisation of CETP Societies) Vs. D.P.C.C. & Others dated 05/05/2017 regarding industries in Uttar Pradesh for polluting Ganga.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal (Southern Zone, Chennai) in the matter of Thressiamma Mathew Vs State of Kerala & Others dated 27/02/2017 regarding pollution of Chalakudy river by Nitta Gelatin India Limited, Thrissur District, Kerala.

Some of the directions issued by NGT are the following: 

Judgement of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti Vs Union of India & Others dated 22/02/2017. The Applicant seeks that the Apex Court issues direction to the Union Government, all the State Governments and the Union Territories that no industry which requires “consent to operate” from the concerned Pollution Control Board, is permitted to function, unless it has a functional effluent treatment plant, which is capable to meet the prescribed norms for removing the pollutants from the effluent, before it is discharged.

To understand the diversity and abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in pharmaceutical wastewater treatment bioreactors, the ARGs in sludge from two full-scale pharmaceutical wastewater treatment plants (PWWTPs) were investigated and compared with sludge samples from three sewage treatment plants (STPs) using metagenomic approach. The results showed that the ARG abundances in PWWTP sludge ranged from 54.7 to 585.0 ppm, which were higher than those in STP sludge (27.2 to 86.4 ppm).

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of M/s P.S. Industries & Others Vs. Delhi Pollution Control Committee & Others dated 24/05/2016 regarding disposal of hazardous waste by a small scale industry, Delhi. NGT directs the industry to maintain its ETP properly and ensure that it does not discharge the effluent in excess of the prescribed parameters and enter into an agreement with the CETP or even directly with Ramky Enviro Engineers Ltd. for collection, storage and disposal of hazardous waste.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of M/s Yash Papers Ltd. Vs. Krishan Kant Singh & Ors. dated 16/05/2016 regarding pollution caused by M/s. Yash Paper Ltd., Darshan Nagar, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh. The Joint Inspection Report of the paper industry points out three deficiencies: 

1. installation of Tertiary Plant,

2. obtaining permission of the CGWAI

3. the unit should also maintain its ETP.