This research aims to investigate change and transformation of open pastoral social-ecological systems in Mongolia and develop climate change adaptation options for pastoral communities with participation of herders, local and national governmental officers and scientists.

Mt. Cameroon, part of the Cameroon Highlands ecoregion, is the highest peak in West/Central Africa. The Cameroon Highlands is a biodiversity hotspot and its fertile volcanic soil has also made it a hotspot for both subsistence and commercial agricultural activities since the late 19th century.

Climate change will have significant impacts on agriculture, particularly in East Africa where there is such variation in topography and climate. Modelling studies can help to show where these impacts may be largest, to help guide adaptations to ensure food security in the coming decades. Results suggest that crop yield reductions may be expected over 50% to 70% of the area simulated.

This paper discusses the effects of global change in African mountains, with the example of Mount Kenya. The geographical focus is the northwestern, semi-arid foot zone of the mountain (Laikipia District). Over the past 50 years, this area has experienced rapid and profound transformation, the respective processes of which are all linked to global change.

Diversity and refuge function for indigenous fauna and flora in anthropogenically influenced habitats in tropical regions under global change on Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.