Urbanisation is a major driver of societal, environmental and economic change in both West and East Africa, affecting all aspects of food systems. This policy report provides insights into the current and projected dynamics of urbanisation and food systems in West and East Africa and assesses the potential impacts on rural livelihoods.

Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have increased at an annual rate of 1.5%, over the last decade, with only a slight slowdown from 2014 to 2016.

Several organisations and companies have developed scenarios to explore global future energy pathways that achieve the Paris climate goal.

This policy brief presents insights that can be derived from the gap indicators in the ‘global stocktake’ dynamic web tool. Know that there is a global emissions gap, as current policies on the national level are insufficient to accomplish the objective of the Paris Agreement to keep temperature increase to well below 2 °C.

On 8 April 2019, a Round Table was held in the The Hague, for the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development and its Task Force on Green Urbanization and Environmental Improvement. This is the report of the Round Table.

A transition away from the use of fuelwood and charcoal for cooking can prevent hundreds of thousands of premature deaths caused by household air pollution.

In 2017, the warmest year on record of years without the occurrence of El Niño, and a year with normal global economic growth, the increase in global greenhouse gas emissions resumed at a rate of 1.3% per year, reaching 50.9 gigatonnes in CO2 equivalent.

Negotiations have started on a new global framework for biodiversity. In 2020, in Beijing, a new international biodiversity framework will be agreed under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). This policy brief provides relevant insights for the CBD negotiations gained from an analysis of the Paris Agreement.

An estimated 26% of current global child deaths is attributable to diverse and modifiable environmental factors, addressed under multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This study assesses future child mortality reductions from achieving environment-focused SDG targets.

This report gives an overview of the literature on greenhouse gas emissions neutrality, as targeted in the Paris Agreement to achieve a ‘balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removal by sinks of greenhouse gases in the second half of this century’.