The aim of this study is to better understand the social accountability mechanisms that can improve the delivery of water and sanitation services. It seeks to answer the question of how local communities engage with decision-makers to realize their human right to water and sanitation.

This policy brief was prepared following the momentous UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP25) outcome in which Parties adopted a two-year workplan for the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples’ Platform (LCIPP).

Enhanced rainfed agriculture is particularly important in Africa, where 95% of agricultural production depends on rainwater and crop yields are amongst the lowest in the world. The main barrier to accelerating enhanced rainfed agriculture is investment.

The financing and development of water infrastructure is foundational to achieving the world’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Developed for the Transforming Investments in African Rainfed Agriculture (TIARA) initiative, this report explains the importance of green water and establishes the business case for investing in rainfed agriculture in Africa at scale.