The present report gives an account of the results of research carried out on litter production, accumulation and nutrient return through rainfall, stem flow, throughfall and interception to soil litter fall, under Casuarina-Black Gram Agroforestry Models.

Under the Tsunami Rehabilitation Programme supported by the KSCSTE, KFRI planted Casuarina and other tree species in a strip of 32 km length along the coastal areas of Thrissur District to establish a bio-shield.

Traditional farming knowledge on agroecosystem management promoted the low cost sustainable development in ecosystems through optimal use of natural resources. It protects and conserves ecological systems, and improving economic efficiency of the farming community. The coastal agroecosystem of Parangipettai (Portonovo) in Northeastern coastal Tamil

The initiation of a World Bank project during the summer of 2007 involved the planting of casuarina saplings (Casuarina equisetifolia) in the sand dunes of the east coast of Tamil Nadu in order to raise a protective plantation a bioshield to blunt the impact of high sea-waves like the tsunami that struck the coast on 26 December 2004. The monoculture

Vegetated coastal ecosystems provide goods and services to billions of people. In the aftermath of a series of recent natural disasters, including the Indian Ocean Tsunami, Hurricane Katrina and Cyclone Nargis, coastal vegetation has been widely promoted for the purpose of reducing the impact of large storm surges and tsunami.

An assessment of various threats to the olive ridley turtles at Rushikulya rookery of Orissa in India was investigated during 2003-04 and 2004-05 seasons. Data on adult mortality, predation of eggs and juveniles, beach erosion and Casuarina plantation along the beach were collected. Turtle mortality was low at Rushikulya compared to rest of the Orissa coast.

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