Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) is one of the most important commercial commodity of Indian Agriculture. Jammu & Kashmir State enjoys a virtual monopoly in the cultivation of saffron in the sub-continent. At present, the industry gives an exchequer of Rs 236.55 crores as against the potential of Rs 4642.5 crores. Economic product of the saffron flower is the pistil with a trifid stigma. It is a unique plant whose active period and effective growth occurs in fall and winter.
Around this time of the year, bright yellow flowers carpet the fields in scores of villages in Bihar's Vaishali district. They are not mustard crops waiting to burst into full bloom but cauliflower seeds that have ushered in a revolution of sorts