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The atmospheric concentrations of 17 trace elements (Al, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Ti and Zn) were measured by means of the "lichen-bag" technique in the Agri Valley (southern Italy). The lichen samples were collected from an unpolluted site located in Rifreddo forest (southern Italy), about 30 km away from the study area along the north direction. The bags were exposed to ambient air for 6 and 12 months. The exposed-to-control (EC) ratio values highlighted that the used lichen species were suitable for biomonitoring investigations.

Several mechanisms are developed by the microorganisms to tolerate few high concentrations of heavy metals. One of these mechanisms dependent upon anabolic and catabolic energy of microorganisms is the bioaccumulation of heavy metals. In present work, approximately four varieties of bacteria have been isolated from the ash dyke sample of four thermal power plants of Chhattisgarh, i.e., Bharat Aluminium Company (BALCO), Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board (CSEB), Korba, Thermal Power Cooperation (NTPC), Bilaspur and KSK Akaltara, Chattisgarh.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Central Zonal Bench, Bhopal) in the matter of Tribunal at its own Vs. M.P. Pollution Control Board & Others dated 05/12/2014 regarding the closure of the ash dyke of Sarni Thermal Power Plant, Madhya Pradesh.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Western Zone Bench, Pune) in the matter of Ratandeep Rangari Vs. State of Maharashtra & Ors dated 31/10/2014 regarding the alleged violation of MoEF norms banning use of coal with more than 34% ash content.

In this paper, an analysis of present scenario of coal in India has been made. In particular, energy requirements for the developing countries are met from coal-based thermal power plants. In India, about 75% coal output is consumed in power sector. In addition, other industries like cement, fertilizer, chemical, paper and thousands of medium and small scale industries are dependent on coal for their process and energy requirements. Since the country's dependency on coal is increasing, therefore it becomes mandatory for the government to seek better technologies for fulfilling its needs.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Principal Bench, New Delhi) in the matter of Ashwani Kumar Dubey Vs. Union of India & Ors. dated 25/08/2014 regarding industrial pollution in Singrauli area.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Central Zonal Bench, Bhopal) in the matter of Vinod Kumar Pandey & Ors. Vs. Union of India & Ors.dated 22/07/2014 regarding environmental clearance granted to M/s Dheeru Powergen Pvt. Ltd.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Principal Bench, New Delhi) in the matter of Jagat Narayan Viswakarma & Ors. Vs. Union of India & Ors. And Ashwani Kumar Dubey Vs. Union of India & Ors. dated 13/05/2014 regarding the pollution of Gobind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Reservoir) caused by industries. It is seriously polluted with discharge of fly ash and other effluents from the industries.

A rapid plant survey was conducted in around the proposed Cheyyur 4000MW Ultra Mega Power Project in Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu. The surveys were conducted along Vilambur, Buckingham Canal, Vanjimodu and the Palaiyur Reserve Forest within the project site and the portion of Palaiyur R.F.

Broadly, there are two sectors involved in this study – coal and electricity. The demand of coal-bearing states is that part of the revenues accruing from electricity consumed in other states should rightfully be theirs, since it is generated using their coal and imposes costs on their natural and human resources.

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