Monitoring greenhouse gas emissions of transport activities in Chinese cities

Rapidly growing transport activities in urban areas are a big challenge for mitigating climate change. This paper provides a detailed approach for setting-up an emissions monitoring system for urban passenger transport in Chinese cities. The guide is intended to provide background information for a practical and reliable approach to monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in urban transport considering local situations and data availability. In the context of this paper, the GHG emission monitoring system focuses on urban passenger transport - especially on buses, taxis and light duty passenger cars. In principle, however, the same approach is also applicable to freight transport. This guide does not describe a project monitoring approach, but an inventory approach. Instead of monitoring the emission reductions of a single project or policy, the system can monitor urban transport emissions as a whole year-on-year.