The Paris Agreement requires countries to articulate near-term emissions reduction strategies through to 2025 or 2030 by communicating nationally determined contributions (NDCs), as well as encouraging the formulation of long-term low-emission development strategies (Article 4.19). In response, many countries have either submitted or are preparing mid-century strategies.

This document contains the presentation by Gokul Iyer, on effect of climate change on energy demand: case study of IIT- Bombay, presented at National climate research conference, IIT Delhi, March 5-6, 2010.