The increasing demand for water, energy and food, and the interdependence of these systems could lead to potential human conflict in the future. This was seen in the food crisis of 2008, which stirred a renewed interest in taking a “systems” approach to managing resources.

This paper looks at two particular, yet interlinked, aspects: the current financial flows related to climate adaptation strategies, and the institutional landscapes in place for driving adaptation planning and action on the ground, with a particular focus on the water sector.