To understand the background of Sri Lanka’s current food security and nutrition challenges, this paper analyzes the political economy and policy processes that shaped the country’s food security and nutrition interventions and their outcomes.

The purpose of this study is to ascertain the impact of and Sri Lankan policy responses to the global food and financial crises with special emphasis on the country's agricultural sector.

Rice is not only the staple food of Sri Lanka, but also a part and parcel of the rural livelihood of the country. The Government of Sri Lanka has introduced a number of policies and programs to increase paddy production since independence.