This paper assessed Japan’s fair carbon budget consistent with the 2 °C target between 1990 and 2100 under three frequently referred effort-sharing approaches: Converging Per Capita Emissions (CPE); Common but Differentiated Convergence (CDC); and Greenhouse Development Rights (GDRs), as well as the consequent GHG emission pathways up to 2100 fo

This is a discussion paper on nuclear power and climate Change by Japanese scientists in response to the open letter by sent by climate change scientists in November 2013 that recommeded use of nuclear power generation.

First, this paper analyzes the fundamental problem of Japanese energy/ climate policy formulation system. Second, it discusses the fate of Japan's -6% target for the Kyoto protocol and -25% target for the Copenhagen accord.