This paper assessed Japan’s fair carbon budget consistent with the 2 °C target between 1990 and 2100 under three frequently referred effort-sharing approaches: Converging Per Capita Emissions (CPE); Common but Differentiated Convergence (CDC); and Greenhouse Development Rights (GDRs), as well as the consequent GHG emission pathways up to 2100 fo

While the form of new framework including new market mechanisms with participation from all the Parties under the UNFCCC will be further discussed and elaborated in order to be agreed upon by 2015 and implemented by 2020, CDM still has a significant role in terms of the foundation of market-based mechanisms and supporting tools especially for th

MRV – Measurement/Monitoring, Reporting and Verification - is commonly understood as a series of processes to quantify GHG emission and their change over time. It is a key instrument to understand the level of emissions and the impact of actions aimed at changing emission levels.

In response to the Copenhagen Accord and subsequent request by the 16th and 17th Conferences of the Parties (COP16 and COP17) to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change for additional submissions, more than 50 developing countries have submitted information on their Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs).

Greenhouse gas emissions from conventional Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management in developing countries contribute significantly to global climate change.

Greenhouse gas emissions from conventional Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management in developing countries contribute significantly to global climate change.

The study on adaptation effectiveness indicators has been carried out by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) in collaboration with national partners such as BCAS, ICIMOD and TERI in the Gangetic basin with the Strategic Environment Research fund of the Ministry of Environment, Government of Japan (S8).

This paper reinforces the need for a robust yet simplified MRV framework to make NAMAs work on a large scale providing opportunities to countries and sectors less benefited by the CDM.

This report aims to propose ideas for CDM reform, targeting international negotiators of the CDM. The Market Mechanism Group of IGES has been implementing IGES CDM capacity building activities in Asia as well as developing IGES CDM databases for quantitative analysis.

In this policy report the authors have compiled and analysed the most recent data on waste generation and the national policies related with waste management and climate change in ten countries in Asia. The study found that many countries in the region are now paying more attention to solid waste management from the perspective of climate change.

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