This paper presents methodologies for using social cost of carbon estimates to address the value of temporarily stored carbon and the implications of that value in the context of biological offsets and
life-cycle analyses of the GHG content of biofuels.

As biofuel production ramps up, WRI economist Liz Marshall explains in this factsheet, why counting all the greenhouse gas impacts associated with producing these new fuels is critical to good energy and climate policy.

The quantification of the carbon dioxide emissions impact associated with land-use change for biofuels production is complicated by the fact that the carbon costs from land-use change and the avoided emissions from substituting biofuels for fossil fuel in transport occur over an extended period of

This study uses a national agro-environmental production model to evaluate the environmental and economic impacts of introducing a market for corn stover to support a stoverbased ethanol industry. It explore the relationship between stover supply, aggregate environmental impacts, and different production practices or policies that can influence supply or mitigate environmental impact.

Crop residues like wheat straw and corn stover