The three mammalian orders Chiroptera, Rodentia, and Eulipotyphla constitute the bulk of small mammalian species. In spite of their diversity, numerical preponderance, and widespread distribution, they are the least explored mammals with serious information gap on the diversity and distribution especially in the context of northeastern India.

The Tiger Panthera tigris is a large and wide-ranging cat that occupies a variety of habitats, where it generally serves as the top predator. The tiger is also a flagship species(Dinerstein et al. 2007), and attention to protecting tiger populations and their habitats in Asian eco-regions has increased over the past few decades.

A detailed study on the regeneration ecology of Aristolochia indica L.

Conflict with elephants and subsequent economic losses negatively affect residents’ tolerance towards wild elephants. It is important to understand people’s attitude towards wildlife, especially Asian Elephants with an endangered status. A questionnaire survey was undertaken with 510 forest fringe residents of Nilambur North and South Forest Divisions, Kerala, to understand residents’ attitudes towards elephant conservation and Human-Elephant conflict.

Conflicts between humans and non-human primates are recognized as major issues in conservation of primates. Crop damage caused by primates is one of the most wide spread and common examples of human-nonhuman primate conflicts in areas where local people are mainly subsistence farmers. Various forms of human-wildlife conflicts occur with various negative results, including damage to crops and property, habitat destruction, injuries and death of people and wildlife, and livestock depredation.

Land use affects the distribution of benthic macroinvertebrate fauna along the river continuum and are hence useful indicators of this stress (Richards et al. 1993; Roth et al. 1996; Hershey & Lamberti 1998; Allan 2004). This knowledge pertains to temperate streams. Such an impact has been scarcely investigated in tropical India (Singh & Nautiyal 1990; Subramanian et al. 2005; Nautiyal & Mishra 2011).

The Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo Bubalus arnee is an endangered species restricted to South and Southeast Asia. Nepal’s only population survives in the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve which is located on the floodplain of the Koshi River, a tributary of Ganga. This species is under threat due to high anthropogenic pressure ranging from habitat deterioration to hybridization with domestic buffalo. Yet, the population has grown from 63 in 1976 to 219 in 2009, despite the decline in the calf/cow ratio. The present study conducted in 2009 used the block count method.

Due to their restricted distribution range and dwindling population endemic and threatened species need considerable attention from ecologists. Sikkim is a part of the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area that represents high concentrations of globally threatened species. This study collected information on endemic and threatened birds of Sikkim using point count method.

Here the researchers present an observation on the rutting behaviour of the nationally threatened population of Red Deer in Kashmir, Cervus elaphus hanglu, commonly known as Hangul, in the Dachigam National Park (DNP).

Original Source

Marsh Mongoose Herpestes palustris is the only extant endemic mammal of the East Kolkata wetlands, which has been declared a RAMSAR site in 2002. Since its first description by the scientists of the Zoological Survey of India, the population of this species has dwindled to an alarming state due to reclamation of the Salt Lake City and Rajarhat expansion, as well as from other anthropogenic causes. Recently, during a field survey only a small population of this endangered mongoose was found in a single location.