Rural water supply is a State subject. Government of India supplements the efforts of States/ UTs by providing financial and technical assistance through the centrally sponsored scheme Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)which aims at providing potable water to every rural household with Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) at service level of 55 litre per capita per day (lpcd) by 2024.While allocating the fund under JJM to States/ UTs, 10% weightage has been given to the population residing in habitations affected by chemical contaminants including Arsenic and Iron.

Water being a State subject, initiatives on sustainable water management including conservation and water harvesting in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility. Further, a number of States have done notable work in the field of water conservation/harvesting.

As informed by Municipal Corporation, Udaipur (Rajasthan) and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB),a part of waste water (sewage) are being released into the Ayad river. At present, out of about57 MLD waste water being generated in Udaipur city, about 12 MLD waste water is going into the Ayad River. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in association with Rajasthan State pollution Control Board (RSPCB) is monitoring water quality of aquatic resources at 196 locations in Rajasthan including Udaisagar Lake under National Water Quality Monitoring Programme.

As reported by the States, all inhabited census villages in the country stand electrified as on 28.04.2018. Further, all the States reported electrification of all households, on Saubhagya portal, as on 31.03.2019, except few households in LWE affected Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. Subsequently, seven States reported 19,09,679 households which were un-willing earlier but later willing to get electricity connection.

Under SBM(G), the funds are released to State/UT Governments. Further release of the funds to the districts/panchayats/beneficiaries is done by the States/UTs. Since 2014-15 till date, a total amount of Rs.4224.98 crore has been released by the Government of India to Rajasthan under SBM(G), and the State has utilized Rs.3997.24 crore as per the Utilisation Certificates received. BM(G) is a demand driven scheme, hence fixed State/district-wise targets are not set under this scheme.

As reported by States/ UTs as on 01.04.2019, country had about 17.87 Crore rural households out of which around 3.27 Crore rural households were with tap connections and around 14.60 Crore rural households were to be provided with tap connections.

It is the responsibility of the State Governments/ concerned local bodies to set-up proper facilities for collection, transportation and treatment of sewage, for abatement of pollution of rivers and other water bodies.

The Government has taken steps under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) [PMAY(U)], by providing central assistance to States/ Union Territories (UTs),for addressing the housing requirement of the slum dwellers and other people belonging to Economically Weaker Sections (EWS)through three components of the scheme viz. “In-situ” Slum Redevelopment (ISSR), Affordable Housing in Partnership with public or private sector (AHP) and Beneficiary-led individual house construction/enhancements (BLC).

The States and Union Territories (UTs) are the actual implementers of the country’s ambitious development agenda.

Based on the Household Consumer Expenditure Survey data collected by National Statistical Office (NSO) in its 68th round of National Sample Surveys (NSS) conducted in 2011-12, the erstwhile Planning Commission estimated poverty lines and poverty ratios in 2011-12 following the Tendulkar methodology. The poverty lines and poverty ratios, thus estimated, were released through a Press Note issued on 22nd July 2013.

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