The quality of housing has major implications for people’s health. Poor housing is associated with a wide range of health conditions such as respiratory diseases including asthma, cardiovascular diseases, injuries, mental health and infectious diseases including tuberculosis, influenza and diarrhoea. .

The World Health Organisation has listed Delhi under the worst places in the world due to its high pollution levels.

Private as well as government hospitals saw a substantial rise, around 20 per cent, in the number of patients complaining of respiratory issues.

The doctors from the city also echoed similar opinions.

The third UN High-Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) on Sept 27, 2018, will review national and global progress towards the prevention and control of NCDs, and provide an opportunity to renew, reinforce, and enhance commitments to reduce their burden. NCD Countdown 2030 is an independent collaboration to inform policies that aim to reduce the worldwide burden of NCDs, and to ensure accountability towards this aim. In 2016, an estimated 40·5 million (71%) of the 56·9 million worldwide deaths were from NCDs.

About 33.6% of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) (DALYs) could be attributed to ambient air pollution, 25.8% to household air pollution and 21% to smoking.

Disability adjusted life years or DALYs are years of healthy life lost to premature death and suffering.

India has 18% of the global population and an increasing burden of chronic respiratory diseases. However, a systematic understanding of the distribution of chronic respiratory diseases and their trends over time is not readily available for all of the states of India. Our aim was to report the trends in the burden of chronic respiratory diseases and the heterogeneity in their distribution in all states of India between 1990 and 2016.

Original Source

Air pollution shortens human lives by more than a year, according to a new study from a team of leading environmental engineers and public health researchers.

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