As the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development enters its fifth year of implementation, it is opportune to ask how governance is understood and implemented around the world. In fact, one can go further to probe the extent to which governments are cognizant of the principles undergirding effective governance.

Indigenous peoples in many regions have a long history of devastation from epidemics brought by colonizers, from the arrival of the first Europeans in the Americas who brought smallpox and influenza to a measles outbreak among the Yanonami of Brazil and Southern Venezuela in the 1950s/60s that nearly decimated the tribe.

This data booklet highlights current and future trajectories of populations in cities around the globe, drawing on the population estimates and projections published in World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision.

More than 2 billion people globally are living in countries with excess water stress says the Sustainable Development Goals report 2017. Northern Africa and Western Asia, as well as Central and Southern Asia, experience water stress levels above 60 per cent, indicating the strong probability of future water scarcity.

India and China will see highest urban population rise in the next 40 years according to this 2011 revision of UN World Urbanisation Prospects & warns that this poses challenges of providing jobs, housing, energy and infrastructure to prevent urban poverty.