The catalytic conversion of waste cooking oil (WCO) with high acid value (120.37 mg KOH/g) to biodiesel has been studied in low-cost SO3H-functionalized quaternary ammonium ionic liquid as catalyst. The ionic liquid (IL) catalyst was efficient in catalysing the simultaneous esterification and transesterification reactions of WCO and methanol.

Original Source

Agro wastes such as carrot peel, onion peel, potato peel and sugar beet peel are products subjected to saccharification process by Penicillium sp. for the hydrolysis, this process was followed by the fermentation using yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the production of alcohol which was fermented at 14, 21, 28 days to produce alcohol. The aim of the study was to determine alcohol content of fermented agro wastes based on different fermentation time. The fermented product was purified by primary distillation process at 780C and the fraction was collected.

Food economy plays a major role in world development. A food chain, from an economic point of view, means a long series of interdependent management processes, which have the main goal to providing food to people.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Sukhdev Vihar Residents Welfare Association & Ors. Vs. State of NCT of Delhi & Ors. dated 04/04/2016 regarding waste to energy plant in Delhi.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Shantanu Sharma Vs Union of India & Ors. dated 06/01/2016 regarding regarding use of fly ash.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Eshan Group of Industries Vs NEPA Limited & Others dated 10/12/2015 on whether the expression “fly ash” appearing in the Notifications dated 14th September, 1999, 27th August, 2003 and 3rd November, 2009 all issued by the Ministry of Environment & Forest, Government of India would take within its fold ash containing high carbon value, i.e., the ash which contains un-burnt coal and ash capable of use.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Krishan Kant Singh & Ors (Applicants) Versus Daurala Sugar Works Distillery Unit Daurala (Respondents) dated 09/11/2015 regarding pollution caused by the distillery unit Daurala Sugar Works located at Daurala in Meerut District of State of Uttar Pradesh.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Shantanu Sharma Vs Union of India & Ors. dated 20/08/2015 regarding backfilling of fly ash in any mine/open areas.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Central Zonal Bench, Bhopal) in the matter of RIICO Paryavaran Industrial Area, Kota Vs. State of Rajasthan & Others dated 15/07/2015 regarding fly-ash generated by the thermal power stations in Rajasthan and its utilisation.

Counsel for Respondents on being apprised by the Counsel for the Applicant submits that the areas where silos are located for filling up the tankers and transportation of the fly-ash are a source of severe air pollution and are highly polluted.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Principal Bench, New Delhi) in the matter of Davinder Kumar Vs. Union of India & Ors. And Almitra H. Patel & Anr. Vs. Union of India & Ors. dated 13/07/2015 regarding collection, storage and disposal of municipal solid waste in India.

The Tribunal also asked the states to clarify if any MSW disposal plant either RDF or Waste to Energy or any other more plants have been provided in the state.

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