In adopting zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) regulations, questions remain regarding how quickly electric vehicle costs are declining and the magnitude of consumer benefits compared to conventional vehicles. This paper analyzes these two questions in the context of Colorado’s potential adoption of a ZEV regulation.

This working paper assesses battery electric vehicle costs in the 2020–2030 time frame, using the best battery pack and electric vehicle component cost data available through 2018.

This report quantifies the gap in charging infrastructure to power more than 3 million expected electric vehicles by 2025. Based on the expected growth across the 100 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas, estimate the amount of charging of various types that will be needed to power these vehicles.

This white paper provides an overview of electric vehicle fast charging installed around the world and the lessons to be learned thus far. Review future-looking studies in the context of current deployments to interpret what the future might hold for the number of fast chargers needed going forward.

This briefing provides a brief overview of the energy cost per mile for a vehicle using gasoline versus the energy cost per mile using electricity in the United States. It highlights the imperative to consider electricity costs for electric vehicles in the context of all competing gasoline alternatives including gasoline hybrids.