Shifting cultivation is a dominant land use system in humid tropical high lands where steep slopes is a potential barrier for rain water harvesting for agriculture. It is the main stay of the economy of the hill people. As per Ministry of Rural Development, Govt.

Methane is considered as a potent green house gas causing global warming due to photochemical reaction in the atmosphere. Methane emission from the livestock of Maharashtra has been estimated based on number of animal population reported in the live stock census 2003.

Land resources are limited and finite. There is bound to be conflict over land use. In a developing country like India, land use planning is applied at four broad scale: national, state, district and village (or small watershed). Different kinds of decisions are taken at such level, where the methods of planning and kinds of plan also differ.