A study was undertaken in the Kothi watershed of Himachal Pradesh with a view to understand the patterns in vegetation distribution and impact of livestock grazing in the mountain ecosystems of the higher Himalaya. The study results in the documentation of 243 species of vascular plants distributed over 57 families and 160 genera.

The current debate on decentralisation offers a partial and polarised view on the sharing of power to manage water. Drawing New Institutionalism as applied in the social and ecological sciences, the paper argues that decentralisation represents a complex adaptive process, wherein agents draw upon the

40 species of butterflies, under 26 genera and 5 families were recorded from four habitat types of Allain-Duhaingan (streams) catchment, where a hydroelectric power station is proposed.

While rising temperatures and changes in weather conditions is affecting agriculture and is a matter of serious concern, farmers in Himachal Pradesh have converted it into an opportunity. Apple farmers affected by climate change have shifted to crops like kiwi and pomegranate. Farmers who were earlier not able to grow apples are happy growing apples now, in few other districts.

Sainj Hydro Electric project would require land some of which is being acquired form private persons. The construction of the project will also involve under ground works, transportation of large quantities of material, more than usual activity in the area and therefore, all this is likely to have an impact on the lives of people living in the area. H.P.

The state government will seek funds from the World Bank for implementing major tunnel projects planned to improve road connectivity in the state.

Alfred Brush Ford

Himachal Pradesh Chief Minster Prem Kumar Dhumal on Sunday said that the hill State was targeting a generation of 12,000 MW of hydro electric power in the next five years. While laying the foundation stone for a 2.5 MW private hydro electric project in Kullu, he said all environmental safeguards would be taken into consideration while executing the power projects.

Disregarding ecological and livelihood concerns, the Parbati hydroelectric project in Himachal Pradesh is moving forward. Experts warn that diverting water from the Parbati and its tributaries for

Kullu is a major growing district of Himachal Pradesh. The study was undertaken with the specific objective to examine the cost of cultivation of garlic in the valley in terms of various farm management cost concepts.