A group of 36 coral islands is being scattered in the Arabian Sea off the western coast of India. On such islands, groundwater is the only source of fresh water for the islanders. The demand for groundwater is increasing every year due to growing population and urbanization. On the other side the peculiar hydrologic, geologic and geomorphic features restrict the availability of groundwater.

But not as much as was thought, says a study SOIL erosion worldwide is threatening our agricultural base. Our farmers are suffering. The maximum amount of soil that an area can lose without affecting its ability to sustain plant growth is the soil loss tolerance value or the T value. Previously the T value for India was set at a uniform 11.2 tonnes of soil per hectare per year. Debashis Mandal

Recent study on ground water quality in Lakshadweep Islands shows that groundwater in these islands are mainly contaminated by domestic sewage and sea water intrusion. Contamination by domestic sewage is attributed to tank used by the islanders for sewage disposal. In the present study, an Anaerobic Single Baffled Reactor is introduced as an improvement to these tanks.

The Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification (SLED) approach has been developed by Integrated Marine Management Ltd (IMM) through building on the lessons of past livelihoods research projects as well as worldwide experience in livelihood improvement and participatory development practice.

This is a report on the review and assessment of the Lakshadweep Coral reef wetland ecosystem at Agati and Kavaratii Islands included under National wetland conservation and management programme of the MoEF.

Regrowing affected population made easy Researchers of the National Institute of Oceanography (nio) in Goa have artificially repopulated corals in the Lakshadweep islands. Three years ago, the scientists started experimenting to develop a cost effective method to re-grow corals. About 60 per cent of them had died in 1998 in the islands. After trying different substrates

Home to one of the wettest regions in the world, Meghalaya is facing shortage of rainfall this monsoon, along with Gujarat and southern parts of the country.
Though southwest monsoon had covered the entire country by July 10, five days ahead of the average date, southern peninsula, several states in Northeastern India, Gujarat and central Maharashtra have witnessed scanty rainfall. Regions facing scanty rainfall also include North Karnataka, Telengana in Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Lakshadweep.

Syed Akbar INDIAN MARINE scientists and oceanographers have artifically repopulated corals near the 10 islands of Lakshadweep. "Coral reefs in India have been under stress for some time. The Lakshadweep reefs bore the brunt of coral mining, souvenir collection, ground water pollution and mechanical damage owing to activities like dredging," Dr M.V. Moideen Wafar told this newspaper. Dr Wafar and his team created a dive centre in Lakshadweep, acquired diving kits, trained a broad spectrum of stakeholders ranging from officers, wardens, scientific staff to unemployed local youth.

Lakshadweep Islands' coconut industry tops in productivity and output of copra and coconut oil. However, growth of the industry has been stunted by the lack of allied manufacturing units and effective market delivery system. Coconut is the lifeline of Lakshadweep, the Indian archipelago comprising of 11 inhabited and 25 uninhabited islands, with highest copra and coconut oil production in the world, according to a top official of the Coconut Development Board.

The tsunami at Goa (west coast of India) and Kavaratti Island (Lakshadweep archipelago) in the Arabian Sea, caused by the 12 September 2007 Sumatra earthquake, was reported from cellular-based sea-level gauges in real-time on the Internet designed and established by the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa.