This report summarizes the REDD+ experience over the past decade. It draws on research conducted under the Global Comparative Study on REDD+ by the Center for International Forestry Research to take stock of lessons learned from REDD+ implementation to inform future forest-based climate change mitigation activities.

This working paper is a contribution to the FOLU 2019 report, Growing Better: Ten Critical Transitions to Transform Food and Land Use. The paper answers four questions: Why are forests critical to economic development and human well-being? What public sector measures could conserve and restore forests?

The jurisdictional approach (JA) to REDD+ and low emissions development has gained considerable currency in recent years. As understood here, JA refers to a government-led, comprehensive approach to forest and land use across one or more legally defined territories.

The biofuels industry has grown rapidly in the past decade, driven by government blending requirements and clean fuels standards in major economies.

This report summarizes the key drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, and the key policy options available to reduce the resulting carbon emissions. It reviews current deforestation rates and the associated issues related to monitoring forest-based carbon emissions and establishing baselines. The findings of research into the direct and underlying causes of deforestation and degradation provide a basis for outlining REDD policy options, while highlighting the associated challenges.