This report critically analyses perceptions on the NDC implementation progress among national and sector experts involved in NDC processes in emerging and developing countries.

This document presents a synthesis of the challenges and lessons learned from the preparation process of intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) by Parties to the UNFCCC in the run up to Paris.

This 2013 edition of the global report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) by ECN provides up-to-date snapshots and analyses of recent developments in the world of NAMAs.