With close to 250 million Indians not connected to the discom grid or able to reliably access electricity, DRE-based minigrids are an effective solution to meet citizens’ electricity needs. Shakti supported Okapi Research and Advisory to identify solutions for integrating minigrids with the utility grid.

Now that the Paris Agreement on climate change has been ratified, India must plan on making good on its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

This report provides a detailed analysis of the financing needs of off-grid enterprises across various stages and business models, taking into account the needs of important stakeholders such as off-grid energy access enterprises, product manufacturers, and micro and minigrid players.

The industrial sector is a significant contributor of stack emissions in India, from localised sources such as brick kilns and diesel generator sets, to large centralised facilities such as coal fired thermal power plants and oil refineries.

The report is a detailed analysis of five sustainable urban transport projects that have the highest potential to enter successful Public Private Partnership (PPP) arrangements. These projects are: city bus operations, bus terminals, Intelligent Transport Systems, Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) Schemes and street infrastructure.

India has bold goals for renewables that raise several considerations for future grid planning and operations. The inherent attributes of renewable electricity generation i.e. stochasticity, variability and geographic concentration are perceived as a challenge given the dominance of coal in India’s electricity mix.

As India’s energy demand is propelled by the needs and aspirations of its billion plus residents, concerns about India’s energy security have risen on account of increasing energy import dependence.

The Government of India (GoI) has started many ambitious initiatives, including 24x7 Power for All, Make-in-India, Digital India and 100 Smart Cities, besides boosting overall infrastructure development. One of the initiatives is 175 GW of RE by 2022, including 100 GW of solar and 60 GW of wind capacity.

The Government of India (GoI) has started many ambitious initiatives, including 24x7 Power for All, Make-in-India, Digital India and 100 Smart Cities, besides boosting overall infrastructure development. One of the initiatives is 175 GW of RE by 2022, including 100 GW of solar and 60 GW of wind capacity.

This paper is part of a series of briefing papers that is designed to provide an up-to-date account and analysis of India’s efforts to address climate change.

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