Biodiversity within inland water ecosystems in southern Africa is both highly diverse and of great regional importance to livelihoods and economies. However, development activities are not always compatible with the conservation of this diversity and it is poorly represented within the development planning process.

Lakes and ponds play very important role in the maintenance of many flora and fauna. An ecological study of Shankar Bhagawan Pond, Sarmastpur, Muzaffarpur was done regularly for two years to know the biotic and abiotic features. Different aquatic flora and fauna were recorded and identified with different sources.

Out of the 12 notified bird sanctuaries of Uttar Pradesh, six bird sanctuaries namely - Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Unnao District, Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, Agra District, Patna Bird Sanctuary, Etah, Saman Bird Sanctuary, Mainpuri, Parvati Aranga Bird Sanctuary, Gonda and Bakhira Bird Sanctuary, Sant Kabir Nagar were surveyed for the inventorisation of aquatic plants growing in and around these h

The Tamil Nadu government on Tuesday issued an order making available 15 acres for setting up an underwater world aquarium at Karikattukuppam village in Muttukadu on East Coast Road. The project is coming up under the public private partnership model. The government has also given its consent to utilise the services of the Tamil Nadu Urban Infrastructural Financial Services (TNUIFSL). Of the 39.04 acres available with the Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), 15 acres has been set aside for the tourist attraction on a 30-year lease period.

Mercury contamination in rivers can spread to nearby birds, even ones that don't eat fish or other food from the water. Researchers from the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va., found high levels of mercury in the blood of land-feeding songbirds living near the South River, a tributary of the Shenandoah, they report in Friday's edition of the journal Science. The South River was contaminated with industrial mercury sulfate from 1930 to 1950 and it remains under a fish consumption advisory.

A biomonitoring study was carried out at Kanewal reservoir, an internationally important wetland listed in Asian Directory of Wetlands, designated as a "Wetland of National Importance' and a
proposed community reserve of Gujarat State, India, to ascertain the degree of trace element contamination. The study focused on assessment of trace element contamination in certain aquatic

Aquatic vegetation is generally considered as nuisance plant communities which cause hindrance to aquaculture practice, resulting in the loss of aquaculture yields. Despite all these disadvantages, the importance of freshwater vegetation and their resources to human welfare can not be neglected rather invites attention too.

Nitrogen is an important nutrient in domestic and industrial wastewater and its elevated concentration in the wetland promotes explosive growth of algae. The decomposition of the algae leads to an excessive growth of bacteria, utilizing and dissolved oxygen from water. This process of rapid algal growth leading to oxygen-starved waters is known as eutrophication.

The treatment and disposal of wastewaters is becoming more and more important as ever increasing population and urbanization threaten existing potable water supplies in many areas of the world. Worldwide natural wetlands are still used for watewater treatment but at present, the use of constructed wetlands is becoming more popular and effective around the world.

Court order on public auction for leasing out the public tanks in Kanyakumari District for the purpose of cultivation of lotus plants.
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