The criticism of the government of Tamil Nadu's tsunami relief and rehabilitation programme (April 19, 2008) does not accurately reflect the situation on the ground and the progress made.

The tsunami relief effort was based on the recognition that out of disaster an opportunity can be created to rebuild, expand and improve upon services, correct imbalances and meet the needs of vulnerable groups. But in housing, this case study from Tamil Nadu shows that even three years after the disaster, a large proportion of the affected continue to live in temporary shelters. April 19-25, 2008

Hurricane Price Tags Soaring On Crowded US Coast US: April 7, 2008 MIAMI - The damage caused to US coastal cities by hurricanes promises to rise into the stratosphere, raising concerns about a possible $500 billion storm and prompting calls for tougher building codes. Devastating hurricanes like 1992's Andrew and Katrina of 2005 have failed to put a dent in massive construction along the hurricane-vulnerable Atlantic and Gulf coasts, where millions of people face evacuation when a storm threatens.

Nearly 40,000 Katrina Families Still In Mobile Homes US: April 3, 2008 ORLANDO, Fla. - Almost three years after Hurricane Katrina, nearly 40,000 families still are living in vulnerable mobile homes and trailers across the US Gulf Coast with another hurricane season just two months away, the top US disaster official said on Wednesday.

Beneficiaries of the scheme to replace houses vulnerable to natural calamities along the coast with disaster-resistant dwelling units are entitled for one-time shifting charges and reimbursement of monthly rent for 12 months. Enquiries reveal that Collectors of coastal districts, other than Chennai and Tiruvarur, had identified a total of 52,569 houses located within 1,000 metres from high tide line (HTL) and 200 metres from backwaters, as vulnerable to natural calamities. They had suggested that the houses be replaced with disaster-resistant dwelling units under the World Bank-assisted Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Project (ETRP) and financial assistance from the Centre. The government decided to take up construction of 22,000 houses (15,869 in rural areas and 6,131 in urban localities) out of 52,569 units in the first phase under the Union government-funded Tsunami Rehabilitation Programme (earlier known as Rajiv Gandhi Rehabilitation Programme). These houses would be built at the cost of Rs. 2.38 lakh per unit at the same site where the old and weak structures stood. Apart from funding the construction of new houses, one-time shifting charges of Rs.1,000 would be extended to the beneficiaries who were also entitled to a monthly rental reimbursement of Rs.500 for 12 months from the date on which they handed over possession of vacant land to the contractor. It was obligatory on the part of the beneficiaries to raze the old structure and level the site before handing it over, official sources said. Inspecting the Tsunami Rehabilitation Programme works being carried out in Tiruporur block on Saturday, Secretary, Rural Development, Ashok Vardhan Shetty, directed officials to immediately release one-time shifting charges to 39 families at Pattipulam, who had been identified as beneficiaries. He also inspected on-going cement concrete road laying works, with assistance from the Asian Development Bank, in tsunami affected hamlets in the block.

To be funded by Union government and World Bank INSPECTION: Collector Santosh K. Misra (right) inspecting the work of single-storeyed tenements construction at Karikattukuppam recently. A total of 426 dwelling units along the coast in Kancheepuram district have been identified as vulnerable to natural calamities and are to be replaced with disaster-resistant houses. Enquiries reveal that this programme, to be funded by the Union Government and the World Bank, will cover dwelling units located up to 1000 metres from the high-tide line (HTL) or 200 metres on either side of backwaters in order to protect the people from natural calamities. The 426 dwelling units, identified as vulnerable houses, are separate from the new houses being constructed under the Tsunami Rehabilitation Programme (earlier referred as Rajiv Gandhi Rehabilitation Package). Types of houses The following types of houses

cyclone Sidr hit Bangladesh on the night of November 15, killing thousands of people and severely damaging paddy crops just before harvest, and the Sundarbans. Though the official death toll till


No small buses Sri Lanka's Western Province Transport Authority has decided to bid farewell to the minibuses with less than 26 seats, which are still transporting passengers on the roads of the

Orissa has a long history of cyclones. Devastation and death toll were very high during 1999 super cyclone. The response to the cyclone in India and from abroad was also tremendous. The objective of this paper is to assess the activities of the government and NGOs providing relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction in aftermath of the Orissa super cyclone.