Shimla: Encouraged by the success of the four

Larji/Gushaini: The mining mafia has spelled doom for state

Book>> Democratizing Nature: Politics, Conservation, and Development in India

Himachal Pradesh Government has sought denotification of state's five wildlife sanctuaries including the Naina Devi, Shikari Devi, Govind Sagar, Shili and Darlaghat and reorganisation of the boundaries of 28 others. This is to exclude some of the areas of human inhabitations located within sanctuary areas. In all, the state has 33 wildlife sanctuaries and two national parks viz Great Himalayan National Park and Pin Valley National Park, the habitat of some rare and endangered species.

New institutions created through decentralisation policies around the world, notwithstanding the rhetoric, are often lacking in substantive democratic content. New policies for decentralised natural resource management have transferred powers to a range of local authorities, including private associations, customary authorities and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Scholars see such transfers as detrimental to the legitimacy of local democratic institutions, leading to a fragmentation of local authority and dampening prospects for democratic consolidation.

This book explores two principal contradictions in environmental politics in India--between conservation and large-scale development projects, and between short-term electoral politics and long-term imperatives of environmental conservation. The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) in Himachal Pradesh, north-western India, is home to the western Tragopan--an endangered pheasant. It shares its habitat with the local population living on the park's fringes. This book demonstrates that both conservation and development are inter-related and inherently political.

The unique assemblages of flora and fauna in the Himalayan region make it one of the most important biodiversity hotspots on the Indian subcontinent. Seventy-five protected areas (PAs) encompassing 9.48% of the region have been created to conserve this biodiversity and the fragile Himalayan landscape.

Though the Himachal Pradesh

Forest evaluation is an established practice worldwide

The final notification of the Great Himalayan National Park has jeopardised the livelihood of a tribe of migratory pastoralists. It has also cornered people of 130 villages in their own land on the name of biodiversity conservation