IT IS indeed unfortunate that the two Constitutional amendment bills to strengthen Panchayati Raj institutions and urban municipalities have received little public attention. Political

The political debate on the Panchayati Raj and Nagarpalika bills does not address the issue of giving power to the people so they can take control of their environment.

• State legislature should decide the powers of gram sabhas. • All states must have panchayats at the village level. But state legislatures can decide if they want panchayats also at

• State legislatures can decide the composition of municipalities. • State legislatures can decide whether they want committees at the ward level or other levels within a municipal

The new challenges before Japan require leadership from not just the government and the corporate sector but also the civil society