This Guide is intended to respond to an increasing demand from UNDP Country Offices and a wide range of national stakeholders for guidance on the multiplicity of tools and methods that are being used to measure, assess and monitor governance at the local level.

In 1993, India introduced quota-based political reservations for women in rural areas with the objective to promote gender equality in human development by making rural service provision and local governance inclusive and responsive to the needs of women.

Scholarly work portrays Residents Welfare Associations as constituting an exclusively middle class

The Decentralization Community of Solution Exchange, an initiative of the United Nations Country Team in India, provides a platform to strengthen the institutions of local self government - Panchayati Raj Institutions and Municipal Bodies - to bring about more transparent and participatory governance, more effective local development and better delivery of services.

The need of the hour is to amend the 73rd Amendment to promote women's equal participation in three tiers of panchayats. All women's organisations and civil society organisations should form a common platform with a single agenda.

Local self-government in the form of panchayats and municipalities in our country are two grassroots democratic institutions msndated by the Constitution of India. They are neither any agencies of the government nor any sort of departments in the conventional sense within the framework of the government.

Is the Indian village becoming more inclusive after the introduction of panchayati raj?

In order to decentralise the planning process, Article 243ZD of the Constitution of India directs states to constitute District Planning Committees which are responsible for formulating draft district plans by consolidating the plans of the panchayats and municipal bodies. This provision of the Constitution however, does not cover certain parts of the country.

Conflicts will increase in the next two decades but we have what it takes to keep going The next decade or two are going to be rough. Conflicts of all kinds will increase. These will be over water, land, technologies, energy sources, geopolitical power, religion and science. We will lurch from one economic crisis to the other, and struggle to contain the impacts of the havoc we have wrought

This paper examines how political institutions and local power structures interact with and influence local public resource allocation in the Indian state of Karnataka. It use data from 80
village councils and 225 villages to examine how this local political economy influences the allocation of public resources. The empirical strategy exploits certain features of a policy that