This is a companion to the working paper that estimated the vehicle tailpipe and power sector emissions impacts of large-scale vehicle electrification in India through 2040 under various scenarios representing plausible evolutions of the electricity grid.

In an effort to address critical air pollution problems and reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, India has implemented policies promoting the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) and the decarbonization of the power sector.

Initiatives have been taken to develop an extensive inventory of greenhouse gases (GHG) emission sources in Delhi. However, there is a need to integrate the emission of air pollutants and GHG, which may have significant overlap and may require a common strategy to mitigate these emissions.

The IIT Kanpur study makes it clear the entire NCR contributes to Delhi's alarming air pollution levels and even with all control measures implemented this year on, Delhi will not achieve the desired PM levels by 2023 but can halve the hazardous PM levels.

Pollution control strategies for attainment of particulate standards must be able to provide convincing evidence that the relative importance of emission sources is understood and that the control programmes proposed are cost-effective and can be adopted by the community with confidence.

In this study, the authors assessed the relationship between daily changes in respiratory health and particulate levels with diameters of (a) less than 10 μm (PM10) and (b) less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in Kanpur, India.