This is a companion to the working paper that estimated the vehicle tailpipe and power sector emissions impacts of large-scale vehicle electrification in India through 2040 under various scenarios representing plausible evolutions of the electricity grid.

The European Commission’s “Fit for 55,” regulatory proposals are intended to secure a European Union (EU) economy-wide greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction of at least 55% by 2030. One of the regulatory proposals adopted by the EC is to amend the mandatory CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans).

This analysis estimates the number of charging points and hydrogen refueling stations needed to enable the transition to 100 percent sales of zero-emission Class 7 and Class 8 tractor-trailers by 2040 in the United States.

In an effort to address critical air pollution problems and reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, India has implemented policies promoting the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) and the decarbonization of the power sector.

This briefing paper identifies several possible levels of stringency for the post-2021 CO2 standards in the European Union for light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles and compares them against economy-wide greenhouse gas reduction targets for 2030 and 2050, as well as the 2050 target for transport sector emission reductions in the EU Green Deal.

A solar tracking system can make a major difference to the output from two solar photovoltaic (PV) projects located in the same area and having the same or similar PV modules and balance-of-plant systems. However, decisions regarding the use of a tracker can often be difficult for developers and may involve significant trade-offs between increased output, and the cost of installing a tracking system and maintaining it.

A growing number of renewables based off-grid solution providers in Bihar area working with villagers who have inadequate grid access and with commercial and industrial consumers facing poor grid reliability. Some of these consumers, who resorted to the use of expensive diesel generator (DG) sets, now report that renewable-based-off-grid solutions have reduced operational costs and environmental emissions.

In a bid to improve energy access and quality, Bihar, which is currently the fastest growing Indian state, has shifted its focus to renewable energy as an effective solution, especially for areas that do not have grid access or where the grid is unreliable.

A dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC) is a thin film cell that uses thin layers of photosensitive organic dye deposits on a substrate to produce power from solar energy. In 2011, this technology took several important steps towards cost effective commercialisation, with major industrial players such as Tata Steel Europe (formerly the Corus Group) signing an agreement with Australia-based Dyesol, one of the original innovators of DSSC, for developing the world's largest dye-sensitised photovoltaic (PV) module, by printing a continuous series of dye-sensitised PV coatings on steel bars.

Increasing urbanisation and industrialisation has increased the amount of waste generated, leading to a greater need for scientific waste management. Due to the presence of high organic matter in industrial and, specifically, urban waste products, generating power from waste is a potential solution to the problem of both waste management and clean energy generation.