The debate on climate finance in many climate-vulnerable developing countries tends to focus on finance provided by national governments and international donors. Yet the financial contribution of individual households in combatting the risks of climate change and extreme weather events is almost entirely ignored.

Tackling biodiversity loss is a growing priority for human survival. Introducing incentives for positive actions could play a key role in helping to reverse this loss. This paper explores the potential of using a novel approach to promote biodiversity conservation.

Developing solutions for human–wildlife conflict is an urgent conservation priority. This threat to coexistence between humans and animals is particularly serious in developing countries, where population growth significantly impacts traditional wildlife ranges.

With the rapid ratification of the Paris Agreement, international climate funds will be important in scaling up developing countries climate action.

The relationship between development finance and climate finance is a key political issue. Some (particularly least developed country (LDC) climate negotiators) stress the differences. Others (most bilateral development agencies) stress the similarities. But understanding this relationship has now become urgent.

The UK Department for International Development (DFID) has published a new guide to the governance of climate finance written by a team of IIED researchers.