Electricity generated from any source, whether traditional or renewable, needs to be consumed instantly. This limitation of electricity has led to the development of energy storage technologies. Energy storage has been part of the electric system for decades.

Twelve critical minerals could play an important role in the success of the Make in India programme and the sustainable growth of the Indian economy, according to a study released by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW).

This policy brief highlights the significance of ‘mineral resource security’ for India in delivering its ambitious plans for development and economic growth.

Trade-off between economic development and environmental protection becomes critical for any country aspiring for high growth for achieving development objectives.

Minerals are indispensable in modern industrial activities; infrastructure and manufacturing sectors, as indeed all sectors of economy. However, non-fuel materials (minerals and metals) have so far not received the same attention as have oil and natural gas.