This study has calculated the additional profits that sectors and companies have made from the EU ETS from 2008 to 2014, distinguishing between three types of profits: Profits from over allocation of free emission allowances.

One of the main reasons cited for introduction of the mandatory 2020 target of 10% renewable energy (mainly biofuels) in Europe

The objective of this study is to establish regulatory options for the EU to ensure that climate policies in road transport result in a push for electricity from renewable sources rather than coal and nuclear or unsustainable biofuels.